sobota, 2 kwietnia 2011

Modernist housing complexes in Berli

Modernist estates were the result of an innovative housing policies pursued after World War I, especially during the Weimar Republic. The policy objective was to build functional homes at an affordable price to improve the lives of people with low incomes. Were designed solar one, a five apartments with balconies, equipped with kitchens and bathrooms [2]. In the years 1924-1931 was established in Berlin, 140,000 new dwellings [3]. Particular attention was paid to the functionality of settlements, assured a well-developed public infrastructure, and numerous green areas (parks and squares). The main planners of Berlin's neighborhoods were prewar Modernist German architects Bruno Taut and Martin Wagner, of whom cooperated with the other builders, including Hans Scharoun and Walter Gropius. New residential districts Bohnsdorf, Britz, Charlottenburg Prenzlauer Berg and Wedding Reinickendorf become a model for architectural housing in the interwar period. As the first garden-city created Falkenberg (Falkenberg Gartenstadt German) project of Bruno Taut, providing 128 dwellings (1913-1916). The team consists of one-and two-storey houses of varying size and proportions. Houses are characterized by colorful facades with contrasting colors.

In the years 1924-1930 Taut functional architecture inspired by the Dutch (Jakobus Ouda) Schillerpark built housing. The team consists of two-storey houses (300 apartments) with walls of red brick with trim around the windows and balconies of brick painted white.

In the years 1925-1930 was a large housing complex for nearly two thousand homes - a huge residential complex Britz (also called Horseshoe Osiedle), developed jointly by Tauta and Martin Wagner. The estate is located in the center of a semicircular pond surrounded by multi-family building in the shape of a horseshoe.
At the end of the 20s Taut designed a large housing estate of low, three-, four-storey blocks of flats in 1500 (City-bedroom) - housing them. Carl Legien (German Wohnstadt Carl Legien). At the turn of the 20s and 30 the city has funded for the amount of 15 million marks the construction of the next two settlements in around 2600 flats: White City (Ger. Weisse Stadt) and a large residential complex Siemensstadt (German Grossiedlung Siemensstadt).