środa, 15 grudnia 2010

Geography of Nicaragua

The east coast of Nicaragua is a coastal lagoon and tThe coastal plains are called the Mosquito Coast. Further to the west stretch the highlands, which cros over several mountain ranges. The highest of them, with the peak of the Cordillera Isabelia Mogotón, reaches the height of 2438 m above sea level. The tectonic trench along the coast, stretches a row of 40 volcanoes, of which the highest is El Viejo - 1780 m. The most famous volcano is Momotombo (1258 m) on Lake Managua, which is considered a symbol of Nicaragua. Another interesting volcano is the Concepción (1258 m), which rises on the island of Ometepe in the middle of Lake Nicaragua.

Nicaragua has a hot and humid equatorial climate, with average monthly temperatures above 25 ° C. At the higher altitude areas of central Nicaragua, temperatures average 10 ° C lower. East coast of the Caribbean take a lot more precipitation (2000-6000 mm) than the western Pacific coast (1500 mm). Therefore the east cast is covered by rainforest and the west by savanna.